Tag: nikkor AI-S 105 f2.5 (page 1 of 1)

Nikon F2A

I have now gone an entire year without buying a camera – impressive. My last purchase, almost a year ago to the day, was something of an impulse buy. We had visitors in town at the time and I and some of my colleagues were assigned as their minders. On the agenda was a courtesy call with some VIPs. Naturally, we were not in the room and as time passed it became clear that the VIPs and and our guests were getting along nicely. We drank coffee and played with our phones. I happened to take a look at the Used Photo Pro website, something I do most days.

From time to time a camera shows up there that I’m convinced I must have. I’m sure I’ve hit the ‘buy’ button and started filling in my details half a dozen times before talking myself back from the edge. This time I jumped. A Nikon F2A, black, and in great condition. Who could resist?

Nico van Dijk’s F2 serial number matrix dates my camera to 1974, between August and October. This would imply that the head that came with the camera is  not the original, since the DP-11 head that makes this an F2A was designed to work with AI lenses which only appeared in 1977. The DP-11 uses CdS cells for metering and has a simple swinging needle display. I had read, while waiting impatiently for the camera to arrive, that the needle in these heads can sometimes be quite jumpy but on mine it moves very smoothly. I also noticed that the light seals, while not perfect, are in better condition than I would have expected for a 45 year old camera. I suspect that either the camera has been very well looked after or has been serviced at some point. I didn’t need another camera but sitting next to my FM2n and collection of Nikkor lenses it looks rather well.

Unfortunately the dark nights, work and then COVID-19 conspired to keep the camera on the shelf most of the time, but here are some shots from the first roll I put through it back in March last year. I happened to have a couple of rolls of Kodak Ultramax 400, a film I had never previously used, so it was also an opportunity to try it out. I brought my 24 and 105 Nikkors, starting with the former and swapping half way through.

With limited time and a primary goal of ensuring that my F2 was in full working order I chose to visit familiar and favourite sites in downtown Sofia. First, the former Royal Palace, now the National Gallery. I managed to forget that I was shooting with a manual camera, so put the camera to my eye, framed and pressed the button. Once it dawned on my what I had done and I finished cursing my own stupidity I reframed, adjusted exposure and took another shot.

Just past the National Gallery is the Russian Orthodox Church, properly known as the Church of St Nicholas the Miracle-Maker. It’s highly photogenic but I have yet to get a picture of it that I think does it justice. The first one below was taken with the 24mm lens, the second one with the 105mm.

Next up is the spectacular Alexander Nevsky Cathedral of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. This is another building I photograph a lot with out ever being entirely happy with the results, but I keep trying. I used around one third of the roll shooting the cathedral. Here is a wide shot of the whole building and some detail from the beautifully elaborate roof.

This sculpture below commemorates Stefan Stambolov who fought for Bulgarian independence from the Ottoman Empire and went on to become the country’s ninth Prime Minister. The cleavage in the upper part of the sculpture references Stambolov’s assassination when his killers, knowing that Stambolov wore an armoured vest, struck his head repeatedly with knives and fractured his skull. Stambolov died a few days later.

Probably my favourite building in the city is the Ivan Vazov National Theatre which stands in a pedestrianised square by a small park known as the City Garden – a beautiful building in a beautiful setting. I took six pictures of the theatre. Here they are.

On to the City Museum, formerly the public baths, and the nearby mineral springs. This is the point at which I switched from the 24 to the 105 with the first two shots taken with the former. I used the 105 for a closer look at the beautiful detail on the exterior of the building and for the two candid shots.

And finally, this is the head of a large sculpture of a lion at the Memorial to the Unknown Soldier which is visible in the background. This is quite a tricky shot to get because normally Sofia’s kids are clambering all over the lion. I think I waited about fifteen minutes before there was a brief lull. I wasn’t convinced at the time that it was worth the wait but I’m quite pleased with the way it turned out.

The F2 performed perfectly throughout and the results suggest the metering and shutter speeds are accurate. While it is a big, heavy camera I did not find it to be uncomfortable to carry or handle. I appreciated the large, clear viewfinder and the simple but functional and uncluttered display – shutter speed, aperture and simple swinging needle.

As for Kodak Ultramax, this film was a very pleasant surprise. It’s not nearly as grainy as I expected and the colours are nicely saturated without being excessive. It does have a tendency towards a certain ‘creaminess’, particularly with white tones, but it’s not unpleasant. I tend to view white balance as an aesthetic rather than a technical criterion being primarily a matter of taste. My own personal taste tends towards a more neutral rendering so the only real adjustments I made to these images in Lightroom was to tweak the white balance. Most of the images above got a minus adjustment on temperature (mostly in the -4 to -8 range) and a plus adjustment on tint (between +6 and +12). Overall, though, for a consumer grade and very affordable film it delivered impressive results. This is definitely one I will use again.

For more on the F2 here are a few reviews from Casual Photophile, Emulsive, Dan Schneider and Jim Grey. And here is a video walk through with Travis Mortz. Finally, here is Nikon’s own brief history of the F2’s development and launch.

Nikkor AI-S 105 f2.5

I recently picked up the Nikon AI-S 105mm f2.5 lens. I attached it to my FM2n and over the last couple of weeks I have been out and about around Sofia shooting with it. I got the developed film back yesterday and scanned the negatives last night. So here are some thoughts on the lens and some sample shots.

First, the lens itself. Having already bought a 24mm, 35mm and 50mm for my Nikon I was looking for something a little longer for occasional use. The obvious option was one of the various AI or AI-S 85mm lenses but for some reason these do tend to be expensive even by Nikon standards. I was aware of the 105mm/f2.5 having read many good things about it but considered the focal length to be a little more that I wanted.

However, when one showed up for just under $200 in very good condition I decided to try it. The AI-S version of this lens was introduced in 1981 and continued in production until 2005. From the serial number mine appears to be a very early copy. As far as I can ascertain the optical design of this lens goes back much further having been introduced in 1971. That in turn was an optically redesigned version of the original 105mm/f2.5 introduced in 1954. Over time the 1971 version added Nikon’s integrated coating and was adapted mechanically for Nikon’s new automatic indexing system.

The 1971 lens was designed by Yoshiyuki Shimizu who was responsible for many of Nikon’s most famous lenses. The lens has five elements in four groups and is sometimes described as a Gauss type design, though Nikon’s website describes it as a Xenotar type lens. The Xenotar itself is described as a hybrid between the Gauss type and the Topogon type. Confused? Me too. I’ll leave those of you interested in these matters to do your own research. You might start with the Nikon’s own history page for the lens and take it from there.

As with most lenses of this vintage the 105mm/f2.5 is a solid piece of kit made mostly of metal and glass and weighing in at 435g or just under 1lb. The focus ring turns smoothly and evenly and rotates through roughly 150°. Closest focus is 1 metre or just over 3 feet. The aperture ring is similarly smooth and even with well defined clicks at each full stop. This lens has a maximum aperture of f2.5 which is marked on the lens body and while there is no mark for f2.8 there is a click stop for it. Minimum aperture is f22. Everything is engraved as you would expect and the aperture markings have Nikon’s traditional depth of field colour coding. Up front the lens takes 52mm filters, like every other AI and AI-S lens I own. In short, if you have ever owned or used an AI or AI-S lens you will know exactly what to expect.

It’s actually quite a compact lens — 2.5″ wide and just over 3″ long — and feels very well balanced on my FM2. It is shortest at infinity and extends around half an inch as you focus in closer. The AI-S version added a retractable built in lens hood which blends in very well with the overall design. It slides out smoothly and snaps into place with a distinctive click. I rarely use a lens hood but it is nice to have it available without having to carry it as an extra.

I could try and describe the results this lens produces but I believe that this is largely a subjective matter so instead I will add some images and let you decide for yourself. The images were shot on three separate days around Sofia using the lens on my FM2n. All were shot on Kodak Ektar.

First, a couple of shots taken in the colonnades that surround the building housing the Council of Ministers and the Constitutional Court, and a view over the rooftop and domes of the Sofia History Museum, formerly the public bathhouse.

Next a couple of pictures taken at the ‘Zhenski Pazar’ – the Women’s Market – in downtown Sofia. This is the place to buy cheap, fresh produce. Unlike the supermarkets everything here is sold in season so while you may not be able to get everything you want all year round what you can get it is always fresh.

Some sculpture next. The first picture is of a bust of Ronald Reagan that stands in Yuzhen Park. This picture was shot with the lens wide open at f2.5 and gives some idea of the rendering of the out of focus areas. The two following images are of a statue of Patriarch Euthymius of Tarnovo, a 14th century Bulgarian saint. The first was taken at f8 and the second at f2.5 so you can compare the way in which the lens presents the background.

Now a couple of shots from one of my favourite places in Sofia. These are the mineral water fountains that deliver year round hot spring water.

Three more shots to go. These are some of my favourite shots from this roll. The first is one of those shots that appeal for no obvious reason. It could be the combination of strong vertical and horizontal lines. Or perhaps the echo of the pedestrian crossing sign in the actual pedestrian crossing the street. Or maybe the street on the right of the image receding into the distance which adds some depth. Or possibly the light and shadow. Or perhaps some combination of all of these elements.

Next is a shot taken outside the Saint Nedelya Church in central Sofia. I spotted the two men framed by the sun shining through the archway and waited for someone else to enter the frame. Eventually the woman, who had just left the church, did so and I got this shot. I liked the grouping of the people in the image and the way in which they are all framed by the sunlight through the arch.

Finally, this shot was taken near the mineral water springs where there is a tram stop. I pre-focused and waited for a passing tram. When one stopped in front of me I took a couple of shots of which this was the best.

So that is the Nikon Nikkor 105mm f2.5 AI-S lens. If you are a Nikon shooter using manual focus lenses the 105mm/f2.5 is worth your consideration even if it is not a focal length you typically use. The combination of compact size and optical quality is hard to beat.