Despite all that the Philippines and Manila suffered during the war I could detect no animosity towards Japanese people among the Filipinos I met. I think this is remarkable but this generosity of spirit seems to be a national trait. Coming from Northern Ireland, where we clutch our animosities tightly through generations, this is particular noticeable. Yes, Manila can be a violent place, and some of the conflicts in the country have been, and are, brutal, yet there is an openness, a willingness to accept and welcome former enemies that is quite remarkable.
- Manila American Cemetery at the American Battle Monuments Commission website.
- Philippines Government website on the Battle of Manila (not all the links work but there is a lot of good information here).